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‏إظهار الرسائل ذات التسميات Amnesty. إظهار كافة الرسائل
‏إظهار الرسائل ذات التسميات Amnesty. إظهار كافة الرسائل

6/07/2015

Beware al-Sisi’s claims of freedoms #egypt #sisi

6/07/2015 0

Beware al-Sisi’s claims of freedoms #egypt #sisi


On his first official visit to Germany, Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will present an image of himself that many back home would not recognise.
To his hosts, he will play the friendly democrat and reliable business partner – a fresh hope for Egypt.
But to the Egyptians who have seen through the smiles and handshakes, he is the face of brutal power – a throwback to a more repressive era.
Al-Sisi has praised Egypt’s youth as the “hope that lit the flames of change” of the “25 January Revolution” that drove ex-president Hosni Mubarak from office in 2011. Yet many of its youth leaders are behind bars, facing prison sentences on spurious charges.
As he meets Germany’s political and business elite, al-Sisi will hope to show that he is a leader they can trust to help create stability in Egypt and the region.
But since he ousted his predecessor from office two years ago, the violence and repression in Egypt is reminiscent of the darkest days of Mubarak’s three-decade rule.
Al-Sisi rose to prominence after ousting former president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013.
One month later, Egypt’s security forces dispersed sit-ins and protests by Morsi’s supporters across Egypt, resulting in up to 1,000 deaths in one day on 14 August 2013.
The Egyptian criminal justice system has increasingly become a blunt instrument for crushing dissent. The courts have rounded up hundreds of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement to which Morsi belongs.
Yet in an interview with Der Spiegel in February, al-Sisi said “the independence of the judiciary must be respected” if Egypt was to develop like Germany.
Death sentences have been handed down after grossly unfair trials. In 2014 alone, 509 people were sentenced to death in Egypt – up from 109 sentenced in the previous year. Most are Muslim Brotherhood supporters – suggesting that the death penalty has become a tool for purging the political opposition.
Al-Sisi, who claims to be “saddened by even the loss of a single life”, has done nothing to halt the use of this punishment. And he has not reined in his security forces or ensured that those responsible for the unlawful killing of protesters are brought to justice.
In his comments to Der Spiegel this year, al-Sisi also insisted that he respected human rights and freedom of expression.
“Human rights should not be reduced to freedom of expression,” he said. “Even if this were the case, though, people in our country are free to say whatever they like,” he said.
Meanwhile, scores of journalists and media workers have been subjected to detention or criminal investigation for challenging the authorities’ official narrative and human rights record.
The government has also restricted the legitimate activities of non-governmental organizations that have criticised its policies.
Hundreds of people have been arrested under a repressive protest law that outlaws gatherings of more than 10 people not approved in advance by the authorities. Some have been held without charge for more than a year.
Detainees are typically kept in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, where they are subject to torture and other forms of ill-treatment.
Egyptian officials will hope that al-Sisi’s Berlin visit confirms his legitimacy on the international stage.
However, Amnesty International and four other international rights organizations have stressed to Chancellor Angela Merkel in a 1 June joint letter that Germany must not choose the illusion of stability over the need to confront gross human rights violations.
For more information please see: Reporter's Guide Human Rights in Egypt:  https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde12/1779/2015/en/ 

احذروا من تشدّق السيسي بالحرية


في زيارته الرسمية الأولى إلى ألمانيا، سوف يحاول الرئيس المصري عبد الفتاح السيسي رسم صورة لنفسه لا يشاطره إياها الكثير من الناس في  بلاده.
وسوف يعمد السيسي أمام مضيفيه إلى لعب دور الرجل الديمقراطي الودود والشريك الاقتصادي الموثوق الذي يشكل نفحة مشرقة لمستقبل مصر.

ولكن يظل السيسي بالنسبة للكثير من المصريين الذين شاهدوا الحقيقة الكامنة وراء واجهة الابتسامات والمصافحات يشكل وجه القوة الوحشية، وتذكاراً يعيدهم إلى حقبة أكثر قمعاً سادت في سالف الأيام.
ولطالما كال السيسي المديح لشباب مصر واصفاً إياهم "بالأمل الذي أوقد شعلة التغيير" في ثورة 25 يناير التي أطاحت بالرئيس الأسبق حسني مبارك من منصبه عام 2011.  ولكن يقبع الكثير من قادة الحركة الشبابية الان خلف القضبان، ويمضون أحكاماً بالسجن صدرت بحقهم على خلفية تهم ملفقة. 
 وأثناء اجتماعاته المزمعة مع النخب السياسية والاقتصادية في ألمانيا، يحدو السيسي الأمل بأن يبرهن على أنه زعيم يمكن الوثوق به من أجل المساعدة على تحقيق الاستقرار في مصر والمنطقة.

ولكن منذ أن أطاح السيسي بسلفه قبل سنتين، لا زال العنف والقمع في مصر يشكلان بقايا إرث أحلك أيام حكم مبارك على مدار ثلاثة عقود.

ويُذكر أن السيسي قد سيطر على الساحة عقب إطاحته بالرئيس السابق محمد مرسي في يوليو/ تموز 2013.

وبعد شهر واحد، قامت قوات الأمن المصرية بفض اعتصامات أنصار مرسي واحتجاجاتهم في مختلف أنحاء مصر وتسببت بمقتل أكثر من 1000 شخص في 14 أغسطس/ آب 2013.

وأصبح نظام العدالة الجنائية المصري على نحو متزايد مجرد أداة صماء تُوظف في سحق المعارضة.  وقامت المحاكم بحبس المئات من أنصار جماعة الإخوان المسلمين التي ينتمي مرسي إليها.

 وفي مقابلة له مع مجلة "دير شبيغل" الألمانية في فبراير/ شباط الماضي، قال السيسي أنه "يجب احترام استقلال القضاء" إذا أرادت مصر أن تتطور على غرار ألمانيا.

وصدرت أحكام بالإعدام عقب محاكمات على قدر عظيم من الجور.  وشهد العام 2014 وحده الحكم بإعدام 509 أشخاص في مصر مقارنة بصدور 109 أحكام مشابهة في السنة التي سبقتها.  ومعظم هؤلاء هم من أنصار جماعة الإخوان المسلمين، ما يشير إلى أن عقوبة الإعدام قد أضحت أداة لتطهير المعارضة السياسية.
ولم يحرك السيسي ساكناً إزاء استخدام هذا النوع من العقوبات على الرغم من زعمه أنه "يشعر بالحزن لموت ولو إنسان واحد".  كما لم يبادر إلى لجم عنان قوات الأمن أو يعمل على محاسبة المسؤولين عن عمليات القتل غير المشروع ومقاضاتهم.
وفي تصريحاته التي أدلى بها لمجلة دير شبيغل هذا العام، أصر السيسي أيضاً على أنه يحترم حقوق الإنسان وحرية التعبير.

وقال السيسي: "لا ينبغي أن تُختصر حقوق الإنسان في حرية التعبير عن الرأي فقط.  وحتى ولو كان الأمر كذلك، فالناس في بلادنا أحرار في أن يقولوا ما يشاؤون".

وبالمقابل، تعرض العشرات من الصحفيين والإعلاميين للحجز أو التحقيقات الجائية لطعنهم في رواية السلطات الرسمية وسجلها في مجال حقوق الإنسان.

 كما فرضت الحكومة قيوداً على الأنشطة المشروعة للمنظمات غير الحكومية التي انتقدت سياساتها.

وأُلقي القبض على مئات الأشخاص بموجب أحكام قانون منع التظاهر القمعي، والذي يجرم التجمعات التي يشارك فيها أكثر من 10 أشخاص ما لم تصدر بشأنها موافقة مسبقة من لدن السلطات.  ومضى على اعتقال البعض أكثر من سنة دون إسناد التهم إليهم بشكل رسمي.

وغالبا ما يتم القبض على المحتجزين في ظروف من الاكتظاظ وغياب النظافة العامة، ويتعرضون للتعذيب وغير ذلك من ضروب المعاملة السيئة.

ويأمل المسؤولون المصريون بأن تعزز زيارة السيسي إلى برلين من شرعيته في الساحة الدولية.

 وفي رسالة مشتركة بعثت بها منظمة العفو الدولية وأربع منظمات دولية أخرى معنية بحقوق الإنسان إلى المستشارة الألمانية أنجيلا ميركيل بتاريخ 1 يونيو/ حزيران، أكدت المنظمة على أن المانيا ليست مضطرة للاختيار بين وهم الاستقرار والحاجة إلى مواجهة الانتهاكات الجسيمة لحقوق الإنسان.


9/25/2014

#Muslim woman attacked on Vienna train

9/25/2014 0
A 37-year-old Muslim woman from Vienna has complained to police after being attacked by a woman whilst travelling on Vienna’s metro.



She believes that the woman, who hit her in the face, did so because she was wearing a headscarf. Police said they believed the attacker was “disturbed”.

Zeliha Cicek is the third Muslim to have been assaulted in Vienna in the last month.

Cicek, a school teacher and mother of three children, is ethnically Turkish. She said she was talking to her sister on an U3 underground train on her mobile phone when the woman started shouting at her in English. “I calmly told her she could speak to me in German and suddenly she stood up and slapped me in the face. I dropped my phone and it broke, I was so shocked,” she said.

An English man came to Cicek’s aid but the angry woman scratched his face. She got out of the train at Stephansplatz – and despite Cicek screaming that she had attacked her the woman was able to flee without being stopped.

Cicek told the Kurier newspaper that she didn’t believe that the woman was drunk or mad. “The English man also thought that she had a problem with me wearing the headscarf,” she said.


In August two elderly Muslim ladies wearing headscarves were attacked in Favoritenstraße. Police were reportedly slow to respond to this incident, and only began questioning suspects days after.

Austria’s Islamic Religious Community Association said that Muslims often experience discrimination in Austria but that “it is not well documented”. Spokeswoman Carla Amina Baghajati said that the association plans to start collecting data on all religiously motivated incidents. However, she said she did not believe that the police lacked sensitivity to the issue.

Interior Minister Johanna Mikl-Leitner again warned against the “spread of hatred and incitement by populists. They become complicit when it comes to attacks on innocent people.”

2/21/2014

Central African Republic in Massacre against #Muslims

2/21/2014 0
(RNS) Churches in Central African Republic are caring for thousands of Muslims who have been trapped in a cycle of revenge attacks, perpetrated by a pro-Christian militia.

Since December, Anti-Balaka militias have been emptying Muslim quarters and avenging earlier attacks by the Seleka, an Islamist militia. The Seleka rampaged through the country in early 2013, terrorizing Christians and ransacking churches, hospitals and shops.


A man holds a knife to his throat claiming that he is looking for Muslims to cut off their heads in the 5th district of Bangui on Feb. 9, 2014.

Now that the Muslim president Michel Djotodia has stepped down, Seleka is being forced to withdraw from its strongholds, as the center of power shifts, amid a mass exodus and displacement of Muslims.


In Baoro, a town in the northwest, a Roman Catholic parish is caring for more than 2,000 Muslims who can’t flee. A group of Catholic sisters in the town of Bossemptele is sheltering more than 500 Muslims, providing food, water and medicine.
“Now is the time for [people] of good will to stand up and prove the strength and quality of their faith,” the Rev. Xavier Fagba, a priest in Baoro, told the BBC.
One reason Muslims are able to take shelter in churches is because the country’s religious leaders believe this is a nonreligious conflict, said the Rev. Nicolas Guerekoyame-Gbango, president of the Alliance of Evangelical Churches in the Central African Republic.


“We have been traveling to the provinces telling people to understand this is not a religious conflict,” said Guerekonyame-Gbango. “This is contributing some tolerance, although many people, including Christians, have taken up arms. This is regrettable.”
 
Roman Catholic Archbishop Dieudonne Nzapalainga of the Bangui Archdiocese has welcomed Imam Omar Kobine Layama, president of the country’s Islamic Community, to live with him in the church compound.
“I live alongside him and I ask Christians to do likewise,” Nzapalainga said in a statement Tuesday (Feb. 18) for Caritas, the international relief organization. “Love should be a characteristic of Christians. You can’t call yourself a Christian if you kill your brother. You can’t call yourself a Christian when you hunt him down.”
Last week, CAR interim President Catherine Samba-Panza said she was “going to war” with the Anti-Balaka, who she described as having replaced a “sense of their mission” with warfare and killings.

9/22/2013

DEMAND #EGYPT’S POLITICAL LEADERS CONDEMN #SEXUAL_VIOLENCE

9/22/2013 0

DEMAND EGYPT’S POLITICAL LEADERS CONDEMN SEXUAL VIOLENCE


Political leaders in Egypt are failing to condemn horrific sexual violence against women in Tahrir Square.

As the world focuses on the political situation in Egypt, 
a wave of sexual violence against women has passed
 virtually unnoticed.
Women and girls protesting in the vicinity of Tahrir Square are, time and time again, being sexually 
attacked by mobs, with authorities remaining idle.

Testimonies from survivors and those attempting to help described the pattern of attacks:
 tens if not hundreds of men surrounding the women with countless hands tearing-off clothes and veils, 
unzipping trousers and groping breasts and backsides.
More than 180 attacks like these have been reported. Some women have been raped during the attacks.
No political group in Egypt has taken steps to stop the attacks.
If Egypt’s political leaders fail to condemn sexual violence in all its forms, and to put in place
 a comprehensive plan to protect women’s rights, we will continue to see attacks on women.

Call on Egypt’s political leaders to act now.
Your email will go to:
-Younes Makhioun (Nour Party)
-Mohamed ElBaradei (Constitution Party)
-The Conference Party
-Hamdeen Sabahi (Egyptian Popular Current)
AttachmentSize
Women activists in Egypt tell of their struggles - Amnesty International briefing501 KB
Women stand up to wave of injustice and violence in Egypt25 KB
What Amnesty International wants to see - Steps to combat sexual violence in Egypt192.51 KB
Blog piece on sexual assaults on women in Egypt 3 July 2013.doc26 KB

8/02/2013

#Egypt: Evidence points to torture carried out by #Morsi supporters #Ikhwan #Muslim Brotherhood

8/02/2013 1

Egypt: Evidence points to torture carried out by Morsi supporters

Evidence, including testimonies from survivors, indicates that supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi tortured individuals from a rival political camp, said Amnesty International.
Anti-Morsi protesters told Amnesty International how they were captured, beaten, subjected to electric shocks or stabbed by individuals loyal to the former President. Since mass rival rallies began in late June, as of 28 July, eight bodies have arrived at the morgue in Cairo bearing signs of torture. At least five of these were found near areas where pro-Morsi sit-ins were being held.

“Allegations that torture is being carried out by individuals are extremely serious and must be investigated as a matter of urgency,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International.  
“The apparent use of torture for reprisal attacks is unacceptable. People should not take the law into their own hands. Political leaders have a responsibility to condemn these criminal acts and call on their supporters to renounce such human rights abuses. The Egyptian government must not, however, use these crimes, carried out by few, as a pretext to collectively punish all pro-Morsi supporters or use excessive force to disperse their sit-ins.”
Mastour Mohamed Sayed, 21, told Amnesty International he and a group of 20 others were attacked by a group of Morsi supporters near the pro-Morsi sit-in at Rabaa al-Adawiya on 5 July.  His assailants wore balaclavas and some were armed with knives or machine guns. Some escaped but Mastour Mohamed Sayed and a few others were captured.
“I felt terrorized by the guns pointed at me…They grabbed me...They called us ‘infidels’….We were then driven to the sit-in… I was dragged on the ground. We were eventually held under a podium…I was beaten with bars, and given electric shocks. I lost consciousness a few times,” he told Amnesty International.

While he was detained, Mastour Mohamed Sayed said he believed he heard a woman detainee being sexually assaulted and beaten.
“My hands were tied behind my back, and I was blindfolded, but I could see a bit from underneath the blindfold… I could hear the girl screaming when she was given electric shocks. I could also hear a woman ordering her to take off her clothes. At that stage, I said that this was haram (forbidden), and was hit on the head. I then saw two bearded men go into the room and heard the girl screaming more…”
Afterwards, Mastour Mohamed Sayed saw blood on the floor of the same room. He said his captors asked why he and other detainees supported General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. He was allowed to leave the Rabaa al-Adawiya sit-in the following morning, but his identity card was not returned to him.
Amnesty International has found that the capture and torture of suspected anti-Morsi protesters most frequently occurs during or in the immediate aftermath of violent clashes between the two camps.
Karam Hassan, a 48-year-old resident of Giza, was abducted and taken to an unknown location by armed Muslim Brotherhood protesters on 2 July. It followed clashes between residents of Giza and Muslim Brotherhood protestors in Nahda Square. His body was discovered by his mother in Zenhom Morgue on 10 July. It was covered in bruises and had burn marks on the chest, back, arms and both legs. He had also been stabbed in the chest and had a fractured skull.
Ahmed El Kelhy, Karam’s neighbour, who was with him when he was abducted said that armed Muslim Brotherhood supporters were shooting live rounds at the residents. He pointed at two bullet holes in buildings and a bullet-ridden pick-up truck.
Hassan Sabry, aged 20, said that he was dragged by armed assailants into Oumran Garden, near the pro-Morsi protests at Cairo University .
“They used plastic wires to handcuff me… They started to beat us with sticks all over the body. At least two of us were bleeding,” he said. He then watched a bloodied protester have his throat slit and another being stabbed to death.
“They then started to beat me on the head. I fell on the ground and pretended to be dead. I held my breath. They thought I died and held me and threw me to a place with the two bodies of the men killed.”
Shehab Eldeen Abdelrazek, 23, a journalist, was also dragged into a tent and beaten with wooden sticks on his head, back and legs in Rabaa Eladaweya Square on 3 July.
The Ministry of Interior said on 30 July that 11 bodies bearing signs of torture have been found since the outbreak of the crisis. A further 10 complaints regarding torture were made by survivors.
The Egyptian campaign group “I am Against Torture” told Amnesty International that it had independently verified that 11 people have died following torture at the hands of Morsi supporters since the beginning the crisis.
“Let’s be clear: capturing people because they hold different views and torturing them is a criminal act and those responsible must be held to account,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui.
Torture or other ill-treatment at the hands of security forces in Egypt has continued under successive governments. Police and security forces continue to torture or otherwise ill-treat detainees with total impunity.

6/01/2013

#Turkey protests: Unrest rages in #Istanbul and #Ankara

6/01/2013
Turkey has entered a second day of violent protests, with fresh clashes between police and demonstrators in Istanbul
--> and the capital, Ankara. The unrest began as a sit-in over plans to redevelop Gezi Park in Istanbul's Taksim Square, but escalated after police used tear gas.


Tear gas was again fired on Saturday at protesters in Istanbul and Ankara.
In a defiant speech, PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan insisted that the park project would go ahead.
He also said that police would remain in Taksim Square to preserve order.
Correspondents say that what began as a local issue has spiralled into more widespread anger at the government and ruling Justice and Development (AK) Party.
Transport lockdown Hundreds of demonstrators marched over the bridge connecting the Asian and European shores of Istanbul on Saturday morning to try to reach the main square.
Police fired tear gas to try to disperse them and some protesters threw rocks.
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