Showing posts with label National Security. Show all posts
Showing posts with label National Security. Show all posts


Jund al-Islam Militant group claims bombing of #Egypt’s intelligence facility in #Sinai

The Sinai-based Islamist militant group Jund al-Islam has declared responsibility for an explosion that killed six Egyptian soldiers and wounded 17 others on Wednesday.

The explosion took place when a car bomb exploded at an intelligence facility in the restive peninsula.
“A large explosion” targeted the military intelligence headquarters in Rafah on the border with the Gaza Strip, a military official said.
Witnesses said the powerful blast shattered the windows of other buildings in the Imam Ali area in Rafah where the military building is located.
The Sinai, which borders Israel and the Gaza Strip, has seen a sharp rise in militant attacks since the army ousted Islamist president Mohammad Mursi in July, AFP reported.
While continuing assaults on militants in Sinai, Egyptian authorities on Monday announced a tightened grip on security in the restive peninsula.
The heightened security concerns came amid threats from an Islamist group, based in Sinai, which said it tried to kill the interior minister in Cairo last week, the state news agency reported on Monday.
On Saturday, the Egyptian military launched a major assault on militants in North Sinai, killing or wounding at least 30 people in clashes close to the Palestinian Gaza Strip.
(With Reuters and AFP)


11 killed as bombs hit Egyptian security HQ in Rafah

EL-ARISH, Egypt (AP) — A pair of suicide bombers rammed their explosives-laden cars into military targets in Egypt’s volatile Sinai on Wednesday, killing at least six soldiers and wounding 17 people, security officials and a military spokesman said.

One of the two bombings in the town of Rafah brought down a two-story building housing the local branch of military intelligence, while the other struck an army checkpoint.
The near-simultaneous attacks nudged the violence in the strategic Sinai Peninsula closer to a full-blown insurgency, compounding Egypt’s woes at a time when the country is struggling to regain political stability and economic viability more than two years since longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak was toppled in a popular uprising.
The attacks also came less than a week after a suicide car bombing targeted the convoy of Egypt’s interior minister, who is in charge of the police, shortly after he left his home in an eastern Cairo district. Mohammed Ibrahim, the minister, escaped unharmed, but the blast caused extensive damage in the area. An al-Qaida-inspired group based in Sinai claimed responsibility for that bombing.
Wednesday’s attack on the intelligence building in Rafah collapsed the entire structure and buried an unspecified number of troops under the rubble, two security officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media.
The second attack targeted an armored personnel carrier deployed as part of an army checkpoint not far from the intelligence headquarters, the officials added. The officials said the remains of the two suicide bombers have been recovered.
Chief military spokesman, Col. Ahmed Mohammed Ali, said the attacks killed six soldiers and wounded 17 people — 10 soldiers and seven civilians, including three women. The security officials said the blast at the intelligence building also badly damaged five houses nearby.
Egypt’s official MENA news agency later reported that following the attacks, authorities ordered the closure of the Rafah border crossing, which links Egypt to the Gaza Strip.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for Wednesday’s attack.
Militants in Sinai, some with links to al-Qaida, have been targeting for months Egyptian forces in the strategic peninsula bordering Gaza and Israel. Their attacks have become much more frequent and deadlier since the ouster this summer of Mohammed Morsi, Egypt’s Islamist president. After Mubarak’s ouster, Morsi became the country’s first democratically elected president in 2012 but he was deposed in July by the military after days of massive street protests against him.
Earlier this week, the Egyptian military launched a major offensive against the militants in the northern region of Sinai.
Officials have described the offensive, which started on Saturday, as the biggest sweep of the area in recent years, aiming to weed out al-Qaida-inspired groups that have taken control of villages in northern Sinai.
Five days of military operations so far have left 29 Islamic militants dead and the military has boasted of capturing weapons caches, missile launchers, and dozens of vehicles and fuel storage sites. Some 30 militants were arrested during raids — mostly low-level operatives.
One officer and two soldiers have also been killed in the operation since Saturday.
On Monday, Egypt’s state news agency MENA cited unnamed senior security officials as saying at least six militant groups with an estimated 5,000 members operate in Sinai. The militants use mountains in north and central Sinai as hideouts, where the rugged terrain is difficult to search.
But the repeated security operations have increased tension with local residents, who accuse authorities of randomly targeting homes and arresting innocent people.
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.


#Egypt: tourism industry in deep decline

Egyptian tourism is in deep decline because of the current political unrest. 

Many hotels have closed. Some remain open for a handful of tourists. Mostly from Cairo, looking to get away from the security situation, sometimes from further afield.  spoke with a group of German tourists. “It looks pretty nice. Everything is very good. The hotel is very good, the beach is good. The Red Sea is beautiful. I love it here.”
Many tour operators have cancelled flights to Egypt. Some countries have advised against travel. The Egyptian Ministry of Tourism assures that travel to the Red Sea and South Sinai is completely safe. The severe damage to other resorts make them no-go areas for tourists.
Egyptian tourism minister Hesham Zaazoi told  “To go around in this area, in Hurghada and Red Sea and southern Sinai. We are so many humdreds of kilmoeters from Cairo where all the ‘hot spots’ are. They can see for themselves that the situation is good, safe, secure, and the government is very much adamant to ensure the safety and welfare of clients who come here to Egypt.”
The Egyptian tourism industry is an important one. It generates the equivalent to over eight billion euros a year, which is 11 percent of Egypt’s GDP.
The Ministry of Tourism is working with foreign ambassadors to resolve the travel advisories and ensure them that some areas are completely safe.
Mohammed Shaikhibrahim says: “Tourist areas of Egypt are seeing a noticeable decline in the number of foreign tourists because of the political and security situation. Egyptians are trying to make up for this through domestic tourism. They hope that when calmness returns to the streets of Egypt, these resorts will be, once again, attractive to visit.”


#Muslim_Brotherhood - Underground History #Egypt #MB

The Muslim Brotherhood began organizing in America in the 1956s.  They formed a variety of Islamic institutions and organizations as front groups for their activities.  These included Muslim charities, businesses and cultural centers.  The geographic center of their activity is Fairfax County

Virginia, near Washington, DC.  Various groups have interlocking boards of directors.  Many of the groups “were laundering terrorist-bound funds through a maze of shell companies and fronts” (p. 228).  This was an entire network of criminal conspiracy. 

Secret documents of the Brotherhood
The investigation of Ismail Elbarasse uncovered secret documents that revealed the depth of this conspiracy.  Elbarasse was a founding member of the Dar al-Hijrah Islamic Center in Falls Church, Virginia.  One of the imams of this mosque declared that Muslims could blow up bridges as long as civilian casualties were minimized.  Elbarasse was arrested while videotaping the supports of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge.  These seized documents were the archives of the U.S. branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. 
In America the Muslim Brotherhood has set up front groups to funnel money to Hamas suicide bombers while their front groups project an image of peace.  The Muslim Brotherhood aims to Islamize America.  It does this by building an Islamic ‘infrastructure’ that will eventually rule America.  It has become deeply entrenched in America as it seeks to undermine the country from within. 
Documents seized in Elbarasses’ home showed the goals of the Muslim Brotherhood.  It seeks to replace the United States Constitution with Islamic, Shariah law.  Leader Mohammed Akram Adlouni wrote,


“The Ikhwan (Brotherhood) must understand that their work in
      America is
     a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western 
     civilization from within, and ‘sabotaging’ its miserable house by the
     hands of the believers, so that it is eliminated and Allah’s religion
     is made victorious over all other religions” (p. 230). 
The documents listed thirty major Muslim organizations connected with the Muslim Brotherhood and operated as front groups.  These groups included the Council for American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) and others, all of which use deceit to hide their real intentions.  
These documents were entered as evidence in the Holy Land Foundation terror trial.  The supporting names in the documents were listed as unindicted conspirators.  FBI agent John Guandolo says “every major Muslim group in the United States is controlled by the Muslim Brotherhood…It is a genuine conspiracy to overthrow the government, and they have organizations to do it, and they have written doctrines outlining their plan” (p. 231). 
Indictments and criminal activity
In 2009, Brotherhood leaders were sentenced to prison on charges of conspiracy in the Holy Land Foundation terrorism case.  Shukir Abu Baker, Mohammad El-Mezain, and CAIR founding director Ghassan Elashi were convicted of funneling millions of dollars to the terrorist group Hamas (p. 233).  The authors comment, “With each new indictment, the Muslim establishment in America looks more and more like a religious crime syndicate” (p. 234). 
“Ihawan Mafia” is a term investigators use to describe the Muslim Brotherhood because they operate in an “underworld of illegal activities conducted under the cover of fronts with legitimate-sounding names” (p. 236).  The heads of Muslim Brotherhood are divided into various wings; Hamas, Saudi Arabia, Pakistani, and the founding ‘nucleus’, the Islamic Society of North America.  The authors identify the five fundamental goals of the Muslim Brotherhood:
                “1.  Supporting Palestinian terrorists and seeking Israel’s destruction.
                 2.  Gutting U.S. anti-terrorism laws.
                 3.  Loosening Muslim immigration.
                 4.  Converting Americans to Islam, with a special focus on Hispanic
          immigrants and black inmates and soldiers (attractive white
          Christian women are another prize conversion).
                 5.  Infiltrating the government and institutionalizing Shariah law in America” 
                                                                                   (p. 238)
The Muslim Brotherhood conducts its secret business behind the façade of religion.  Mosques serve as recruiting centers for the Grand Jihad.  Brotherhood documents reveal that the mosques will “prepare us and supply our battalions in addition to being the ‘niche’ of our prayers” (p. 244).  The United States Constitution gives religious liberty to all its citizens and this provides cover for the Brotherhood.  Brotherhood internal documents reveal they consider the United States “our Dar al-Arqam’ – our safehouse (p. 245). 
This hiding behind a major religion is calculated.  The authors observe, “Fearing accusations of religious bigotry, Washington is still reluctant to aggressively prosecute it” (p. 245).  Notice how criticism of Islam is treated by the liberal-leftist media.  Anyone who raises questions about the peaceful image of Islam or criticizes Islam is labeled a bigot, hate-monger or Islamophobe.  This too is part of Sharia law where no criticism of Mohammad or Islam is allowed.  Non-Muslims must learn not to challenge Islam.  They must lower their eyes and bow to Islam.

This is a helpful website to keep up on what Islamists are doing to undermine our democratic government.


Declare the #Muslim_Brotherhood A Terrorist Organization #Egypt

Declare the Muslim Brotherhood A Terrorist Organization

41,801 Letters and Emails Sent So Far

Declare the Muslim Brotherhood A Terrorist Organization
The Obama Administration has resisted naming the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization. But if any group deserved to be on that list, the Brotherhood does. Ever since 1962, it has worked to convert Americans to jihad and Islamist extremism. It is actively building terrorist cells in the United States.

And the evidence is that it is succeeding. More and more of the terrorist attacks on American soil are coming from people who live here, many of whom converted to Islam through the work of the Brotherhood.

Since 9-11, 156 men have been indicted for terror-related activities. 127 of them had lived in the U.S. for ten years or more at the time of their arrest. One-third of these terrorists converted to Islam in their teens or twenties, most often through the efforts of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Inclusion on the list of terrorist organizations is no symbolic step. The feds block donations to such groups and deny them access to all sorts of financial, administrative, and other aids.

Internationally, of course, the Muslim Brotherhood is working zealously to replace the secular liberalism of the Arab Spring with hard-core, Shariah-compliant, theocratic dictatorships. Suppressing women, eliminating free speech, persecuting Christians, and preaching hatred of Jews, Israel, and America, the Brotherhood is gradually taking over the Middle East as first dictators and now monarchs fall from power.

To fight an enemy, you need to name it as your adversary and that is why including the Muslim Brotherhood on the list of terrorist groups is so important.

Legislation is pending in Congress to require the State Department to include the group on their terrorist list. With your help, we have a good chance of passing this important legislation.

For more information about the Muslim Brotherhood and to enlist in the battle to contain it, go to Citizens for National Security (, a group struggling to “out” the Brotherhood.  They the the leading group advocating inclusion of the Muslim Brotherhood on the terrorist list.

Please sign the petition below to urge our Congress to protect America and take a stand against Terrorism.  We will forward your signature to the President and to your Senators and Congressman. We will also forward them to Citizens for National Security.  Please be sure to include your email and your mailing address so we can do so.  

We'll add your email address to our Alerts list so we can keep you posted on progress and next steps.

Thanks for signing,

Dick Morris

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Al Qaeda Leader in #Yemen Might Really Be Dead This Time

Said al-Shihri, the second-in-command of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), has reportedly been killed. But unlike previous (and premature) reports of his death -- and there have been many -- this time the news came straight from the source, in an announcement by AQAP. Maybe this time Shihri will actually stay dead.
Shihri, who also went by the kunya Abu Sufyan al-Azdi, was a veteran jihadist who had operated in Afghanistan and Chechnya by the time he was captured by U.S. forces in December 2001. He was held for several years at Guantánamo Bay, but was released after attending a rehabilitation program in Saudi Arabia. Four months after his release, Shihri appeared in a video announcing the formation of AQAP, with him as deputy emir to former Osama bin Laden aide Nasir al-Wuhayshi. He is believed to have helped plan AQAP's 2009 assassination attempt against Saudi Prince Muhammad bin Nayef, and has been an aggressive fundraiser for the organization, sometimes to the chagrin of bin Laden and al Qaeda's core leadership. Documents recovered from bin Laden's Abbottabad safehouse included a letter criticizing Shihri's efforts and requesting that AQAP start clearing its press releases with other al Qaeda leaders.

Shihri died in a U.S. drone strike in Yemen's northern Saada province, according to AQAP's video announcement. AQAP has a known presence in the area and has clashed with the Houthi movement, which controls much of the province. When Shihri was last reported dead, in January, the Yemeni government also attributed the cause of death to an airstrike in Saada.
AQAP's message was delivered by Ibrahim al-Rubaysh, AQAP's chief theologian -- and a Saudi and Gitmo veteran like Shihri -- who was rumored to be in line to succeed Shihri as AQAP's number two when Shihri was last reported killed in January. But Rubaysh's announcement on Wednesday did not include any mention of who might succeed the group's deputy.


The new #Taliban and #Al_Qaeda in #Egypt Sponsored by #Qatar

The new Taliban and Al_Qaeda in Egypt
Sponsored by Qatar

Egypt’s sudden military-enforced transition from the reign of former President Mohamed Morsi continued on Thursday as Adli Mansour was sworn in as interim president while the security crackdown on Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood deepened with the arrest of most of the Brotherhood’s senior leadership.
Mansour, a 67-year-old longtime judge with a previously low public profile, was originally meant to be sworn as new head of the Supreme Constitutional Court on July 1. But that was delayed after massive nationwide anti-Morsi protests on June 30 tipped the country into political crisis, so Thursday’s ceremony was turned into a double header.
During the swearing-in, military jets flew in formation over Tahrir Square trailing colored smoke to form an airborne Egyptian flag.
In his subsequent address to the nation, Mansour—who many Egyptians had never heard speak before today—tried to paint the transition as a necessary adjustment to bring Egypt back onto the path set by the January 2011 revolution, which ousted entrenched dictator Hosni Mubarak.

Mansour said he had been given the authority and the mission, “to amend and correct the revolution of the 25th of January 2011.”
“The most glorious thing about June 30″—referring to Sunday’s massed anti-Morsi protests—”is that it brought together everyone without discrimination or division,” he said. “I offer my greetings to the revolutionary people of Egypt.” When asked if the Muslim Brotherhood would be included in whatever future coalition government is created, Mansour said, “Nobody will be excluded, and if they respond to the invitation, they will be welcomed.”

But that inclusive vision seemed increasingly unlikely on Thursday as the venerable Islamist organization vowed not to recognize or work with the new government. Thousands of Brotherhood supporters remain gathered outside the Rabaa Adaweya Mosque in the Cairo district of Nasr City, and the group announced plans for an indefinite sit-in.
Security forces surrounded the site Wednesday evening; they have made no moves to disperse the estimated 10,000 Brotherhood supporters, and appear to be allowing new people to join. At least 10 people were killed overnight Wednesday in clashes between supporters and opponents of Morsi around the country. The total death toll since the crisis began on June 30 is at least 35 — including 16 in a particularly bloody clash near Cairo University on Tuesday.
Morsi and most of his senior advisers remain detained by the military at an undisclosed location. At least a dozen senior Brotherhood officials have been arrested or detained. No formal charges have been filed. And the public rout of the Brotherhood leadership accelerated further on Thursday with the news that Supreme Guide Mohammed Badea and his deputy Kheirat Al Shater has also been arrested. Badea—the ultimate decision-maker inside the Brotherhood’s paramilitary internal structure—was reportedly arrested in the northwest corner of Egypt not far from the Libyan border. Libyan media reported that he was detained in a failed attempted to flee Egypt into Libya.

--> The arrest seem certain to deepen the paranoia gripping the Muslim Brotherhood—which, after decades of existence as an oppressed, clandestine movement dramatically rose to power last year. Their sudden overthrow has left them isolated and embittered. Nine cabinet ministers belonging to the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party announced their resignations Thursday in protest over what they labeled an anti-democratic military coup. The Brotherhood also called for mass demonstrations Friday in support of Morsi, but a statement on the group’s website asked its cadres, “to show restraint and commitment to peacefulness.” But there are already signs that this loss is radicalizing elements of the Morsi support base and driving some to talk openly of violence. On one of Egypt’s satellite channels last night, an unnamed man in the Morsi crowd openly told his interviewer: “I tell Al-Sissi: know that you have created a new Taliban and a new al-Qaeda in Egypt … You’ve created new mujahideen and new martyrs.”
The Brotherhood purge is already drawing negative attention in some international circles. Human Rights Watch released a detailed statement decrying, “A return to Mubarak-era practices of mass arrests and politically-motivated imprisonment of Muslim Brotherhood leaders.”

The group also noted that several Brotherhood-affiliated satellite TV stations were taken off the air immediately after Defense Minister Abdel Fatah Al-Sissi announced Morsi’s ouster Wednesday night. The Freedom and Justice Party complained on Thursday that its daily newspaper had been prevented from publishing.
Joe Stork, HRW’s deputy Middle East director, said, “One test of whether Egypt can return to a path of democratic development will rest on whether the Freedom and Justice Party can operate without political reprisals against its members.”
Other international reaction to Morsi’s removal was decidedly mixed.
U.S. President Barack Obama announced in a statement that he was “deeply concerned” by the developments and called on the Egyptian military to “move quickly and responsibly to return full authority back to a democratically elected civilian government as soon as possible through an inclusive and transparent process.” Obama also called on the military to “to avoid any arbitrary arrests of President Morsi and his supporters.”
Washington’s concerns have been duly noted (and angrily dismissed) by many of the activist forces that called for Morsi’s downfall. Opposition groups here have bristled for months over what they perceived as American support for the Morsi administration and the Brotherhood.

On Thursday, the daily newspaper Al-Tahrir took the unusual step of printing a front page headline in English that was clearly directed straight at Obama: “It’s a Revolution … Not a Coup, Mr. Obama!”
Other foreign governments were far less circumspect.
“This is a major setback for democracy in Egypt. It is urgent that Egypt return as quickly as possible to the constitutional order… there is a real danger that the democratic transition in Egypt will be seriously damaged,” said German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle.
Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag said, “The power change in Egypt was not a result of the will of the people. The change was not in compliance with democracy and law.”
And no less an international relations authority than Syrian President Bashar Assad also weighed in on the abrupt downfall of the man who recently severed relations and repeatedly called for Assad’s own removal.
“What is happening in Egypt is the fall of what is known as political Islam,” Assad said in an interview with Syrian state newspaper Al-Thawra. “After a whole year, reality has become clear to the Egyptian people. The Muslim Brotherhood’s performance has helped them see the lies the [movement] used at the start of the popular revolution in Egypt.”


تقرير مخابراتى الى #قطر عن عملائهم فى #مصر من #الاخوان

احبائى : ارجوكم ان تقرأوا رسالتى المنشورة بكل دقة واهتمام , والعمل على نشرها فى جميع الصفحات واشكركم جميعا ( وبحبكم ياغاليين )
واود ان اتوجه برسالة الى رعاع واوباش قطر : نحن وراءكم بالمرصاد ولن تفلتوا من عقابنا , واتحدى ان يخرج بغل منكم ويكذب ما حصلنا عليه من وثائق اول امس ومن عقر دياركم الأمنية .....
عاشت مصر حرة بأولادها الأحراء والشرفاء .... عاشت كل يد تعمل من اجل خير وعزة الغالية مصر ... ثورة ثورة حتى النصر ........................ عقيد / صبرى ياسين




#Nile Crisis in #Cairo Thanks to Renaissance Dam #egypt


Renaissance Dam #Nile Crisis

The report on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be released this month

I am not sure what this author is offering in way of information about the Grand Renaissance Dam project. It seems he is criticizing the Egyptian government for dragging its feet and not cooperating better with Nile riparian countries. There is a research report due to be released this month about the dam.

--> An Egyptian engineer who worked with a team to consider theoretical impacts of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam told me that the dam is technically a good thing for the Nile as a human-beneficial system. This mega-project can regulate  water in a hot arid part of the world can maximize water in the dry season and minimize flooding in the wet season. There is also the issue of sediment flow. A reduction downstream can benefit dams in Sudan and Egypt by lengthening the life-time of the dams and reduce the frequency of dredging. Dredging is necessary not only behind the dams, but in the irrigation canals.

But aside from these things that are loudly considered in the media, are there other impacts (good and bad) from this dam that are not being discussed in the current discourse? I hope once the report is released more salient discussions will commence - not potential earthquakes or water war talk - but serious discussion about the intricacies of development.

Egypt drowns in the Nile ‘water war’
Nile Dam Ethiopia
Three years ago I warned of the water crisis and the Renaissance Dam via a series of articles. I traveled to Ethiopia and Eretria and met with late Ethiopian premier Meles Zenawi and Eritrean president Isaias Afewerki in an attempt to communicate and provide the public with the opportunity to know what's going on. I have also done so out of my belief that journalism always has a role that when played properly and within the boundaries of national goals especially on foreign fronts, it can be a factor that helps achieving solutions. Back then, my concern was the crisis threatening Egypt; a war over the Nile’s water.

So I went to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan in an attempt to get a clearer picture and understand. Our problem is that we always have a prejudgment on people and certain issues, and such an attitude sometimes leads us to the wrong conclusions. My aim was to understand what is currently going on regarding the Nile water war, to understand the reason for the Ethiopian stance and to understand where we currently stand regarding this matter.

Back then, the suggested solution was that Egypt will not allow building any dams that affect its share of water. The international law actually stands on Egypt's side regarding this point. At the same time, however, as studies were conducted to establish dams on the Nile from upstream countries, Egypt showed its willingness to contribute and cooperate in establishing them as long as no harm is done to Egyptian national security interests. I believe this is right path towards resolving this crisis: cooperating, studying and negotiating at the same time.

The nine countries that share the Nile with Egypt are considered unstable countries which are incapable of launching giant projects on the river or incapable of agricultural land reclamation. These countries also suffer from local crises. Some of them suffer from civil wars, tribal struggles and economic problems.

Huge projects also require international funding which cannot be provided without feasible studies approved by all countries that benefit from the river. Egypt's entrance to deal with this crisis comes here. This point as well brings up the probability that there is no imminent danger that threatens the Nile's flow to Egypt in the foreseeable future.

Political moves

During that phase, Egypt made several political moves. The most important of them was Egypt's concern over its strong ties with the Nile countries particularly Ethiopia which is connected through the river to Egypt and Sudan. Another move was Egypt's concern that developing the resources of the water cannot be carried out without the effective participation of all three countries since most of the Nile Basin countries enjoy more than one source of water. Egypt's share of rainfall however does not exceed 20 millimeters whilst in some of the Nile Basin countries, it can reach 20,000 millimeters. This means that Egypt suffers from a water deficit that reached more than 30%. It overcomes this deficit through recycling water. On this basis, we must know that any expense, burden or effort carried out in the area of the Nile Basin countries is not a waste of resources but a form of direct colonization in the future. And therefore, cooperating and strengthening ties with these countries is an important fateful issue.
We must understand that any expense, burden or effort carried out in the area of the Nile Basin countries is not a waste of resources but a form of direct colonization in the future.
Abdel Latif el-Menawy
This is why the presidential initiative back then to establish a commission for the Nile Basin countries was important regardless of signing the Nile Basin Initiative now among the Nile Basin countries. Another important move was the concern not to escalate the rhetoric when addressing this issue yet emphasize that Egypt's historical rights of the Nile water are nonnegotiable.

But at the same time, some of us must not be carried away with enthusiasm or with the desire to achieve fake heroic acts and end up escalating the rhetoric to reach the extent of making threats and sounding the drums of a war when there are no drums! The issue must be resolved through maintaining patience, resuming negotiations and emphasizing that the concept of cooperation is the basis to compensate what was lost and the basis to maintain our rights that will not be harmed.

Although it has been three years since all of this, the group ruling Egypt drowned in its failure, greed and fake renaissance and drowned us with it.

According to media reports, the Brotherhood has not yet awaken from its slumber and is still studying the experts' commission's final report on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. The report will be submitted before the end of May in order to be put before the presidents of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. The report indicates that Ethiopian studies on the dam "are incomplete." This is the same conclusion drawn by the experts' commission's last progress report. A practical study has also confirmed that the expected results from establishing the dam will be "disastrous" and will lead to displacing millions of Egyptian families.
Amidst all this, what is really strange and what really raises a lot of questions is that the prime minister who is supposed to be aware of the repercussions of the upcoming water crisis since he served as chief of two ministers' offices for five years and then later served minister of irrigation has in fact added salt to the wound and further drowned us in the Nile crisis.


Shalateen Part of #Egypt

Shalateen Part of #Egypt

Shalateen (Egyptian Arabic: شلاتين Šalatīn  pronounced [ʃælæˈtiːn]; also spelled: Alshalateen or Shalatin) 520 kilometres (320 mi) south of Hurghada, is the biggest city just north of the Halayeb Triangle, an area of disputed sovereignty between Egypt and Sudan. It serves as the administrative center (markaze) of all Egyptian territory up to the border between Egypt and Sudan, including the villages of:

  • Abu Ramad, 125 kilometres (78 mi) to the southeast;
  • Halayeb, 165 kilometres (103 mi) to the southeast;
  • Ras Hadarba 200 kilometres (120 mi) to the southeast. Ras Hadarba or Cape Hadarba lies on the shores of the Red Sea to the southeast of the city of Halayeb and to the east of mount Hadarba from which it takes its name. The village of Ras Hadarba lies just north of the borders between Egypt and Sudan which run along the 22 degree north parallel of latitude;
  • Marsa Hameera, 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north; and
  • Abrak, 90 kilometres (56 mi) to the west.
The first three of the above towns (Abu Ramad, Halayeb and Ras Hadarba) are located within the disputed Halayeb Triangle.


Egyptian ministries and authorities are in the process of establishing their presence in the area and operate in conjunction with the City Council to provide services to the local communities according to the policies and programs of their respective organizations. The military is responsible for security and law enforcement in the Halayeb Triangle. Red Sea Governorate's Popular Council, including many members from the Bisharia and Ababda, are responsible for determining what the local people need and supporting local participation in management and development of this area.
The Egyptian government also provides additional social services to the local communities, such as food, water, monetary assistance, subsidies, health care, veterinary care, housing and education. A new international Airport in Marsa Alam was built, about 270 kilometres (170 mi) from Shalateen city, which Egyptian policy makers intend to be the center of more development for the southern region included the Shalateen area.


Local tribes in Halayeb and Shalateen area have had little exposure to modernization under Sudanese administration and under Egyptian administration up to 1992. But after 1992, the Egyptian government started to implement a development plan when it started to build some settlements, including 500 new houses built in Shalateen and 250 in Aboramad and Halayeb, depending on Shalateen local council sources. Roads were also established, including a 250-kilometer road between Shalateen and Marsa Alam city in north, and three new electricity generators have begun operation since 1993. In 1993–94, the Egyptian government launched a plan for the social economic development of the area. Services and economic support were delivered in the main towns and villages and necessary infrastructures was built. Financial and in-kind donations were sponsored for a total amount of 1.5 billion L.E. currently; the Government is supporting local families with 70 L.E. per month, and 3 L.E. per day to each child going to school. Nowadays many high educated people, and many local people, work as employees of the government, NGOs and private sector companies, which will help in more development.
Depending on that and on the government development policy, many people from the mountains moved to towns in order to benefit from these services. They were given houses with a permanent water source, food supplies, electricity and education. So far, approximately 8,000 people have settled along the coast. As a result of the plan, communities in the urban areas have improved their livelihood.
Local community in Halayeb area has been involved in the management of Gabel Elba Protected Area as guides and also as environmental researchers in the management and conservation of the natural resources of this area; local people are also involved in the decision making process. The World Food Program project in this area "Support Bedouin Life Project" represents a good model for the Egyptian government's policy of local participation and community-based management of projects.




How to Defeat Cyber Jihad

A great paradox of the conflict with al Qaeda is that the terrorists, largely driven by 14th century Islamist ideology, make such skillful use of 21st century information technology. Whether to tell their story of a sacred mission to reduce the shadow cast by American power over the Muslim world, to motivate recruits to join the jihad, or to provide a form of "distance learning" in terrorist tradecraft, al Qaeda operatives have made extensive use of cyberspace-based connectivity. And somehow, after more than a decade of being so relentlessly hunted, they still enjoy the largely unobstructed use of this virtual haven. It is just as important as their somewhat harried physical havens in the mountains of Waziristan, Yemen, and a few other remote fastnesses.

The Boston bombing once again reminded the world of the benefits al Qaeda reaps from cyberspace, as it appears that the Tsarnaev brothers were radicalized and trained via jihadist websites. In this they were hardly alone. The London bombings in 2005 (which killed 52), the fizzled Glasgow Airport attack in 2007, the foiled plot against Fort Dix in 2007, Nidal Hasan's rampage at Fort Hood in 2009 (which killed 13), and the failed attempt to bring down a Northwest Airlines plane that same year all featured terrorists who made extensive use of online motivational and training materials. Information from and links to websites of the late Anwar al-Awlaki -- killed in a drone strike in 2011 -- and Abu Mus'ab al-Suri were found in each of these cases. 

While al-Awlaki's influence as a propagandist seems to have died with him, al-Suri's strategic concept about the rise of a "leaderless network" of small jihadist cells -- thoroughly exposited in his 1,600-page web tract, The Global Islamic Resistance Call -- has become a principal al Qaeda playbook. He was taken into custody several years ago, interrogated by American intelligence personnel, then "rendered" to the Syrians, of all people. From there the trail goes dark, save for the tantalizing message from the Assad regime, released shortly after the start of the uprising, that he had been released. Who knows? The important point is that his blueprint is the one being followed. It is what to watch for: the rise of little terrorist teams in unexpected places. Not particularly skillful jihadists -- there are limits to how much can be learned online -- but motivated, dedicated, and skilled enough to cause damage that captures world attention. 

The questions now before the global counterterrorist coalition are the same ones that have resonated for the past decade, but are now perhaps more urgently voiced in the wake of Boston: How is online jihad to be stopped? Can al Qaeda be driven from its virtual haven in cyberspace? The United States has played a leading role in strategy formulation, focusing primarily on efforts to present and disseminate a more moderate view of Islam, as well as to highlight the heinous acts of the terrorists. The simple problem with each of these efforts is that neither works. Over 95 percent of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims already reject al Qaeda and other extremists -- but the jihadists don't need massive popular support to fill their ranks, just a sliver of Islamic society, still numbering in the many tens of millions, from which to draw recruits. Our moderate messaging won't sway them. With regard to highlighting acts of terror, the jihadist rebuttal -- featuring scathing indictments of the invasion of Iraq, abuse at Abu Ghraib, the killings of innocents by drones, and more -- has proved quite effective.
As to attempts to disrupt or shut down jihadist websites, these too are ineffective, perhaps even counterproductive, undertakings. It is all too easy for material on sites that have been shut down to pop up again quickly on new sites. This sort of cat-and-mouse game has been going on for many years, with all too little to show for the effort. Besides, many intelligence professionals make the point that there is more to be learned from keeping these sites up and monitoring them than from taking them down. Clearly, though, not enough is being learned about al Qaeda's intentions, about the identities of potential recruits, or even, after all these years, about money flows. If intelligence gleaned from cyberspace had given the counterterrorist coalition anything like the "information edge" enjoyed by the Allies against the Axis powers in World War II, the age of terror would already be over.
Perhaps it is time to follow the example of the British "boffins" of Bletchley Park. They broke the codes of the German Enigma cipher device and enabled great victories -- even at a time when the Nazis still held the material advantage in the war. In that conflict, some 70 years ago, the key was to create the world's first high-performance computer. Today, at a "New Bletchley Park," the challenge would be not so much to crack a complex code as to discern ways to "back hack" and geo-locate both those posting jihadist information and those accessing it. The first boffins included mathematicians, chess masters, even magicians -- among many others. Twenty-first century boffins would no doubt require master hackers, software designers, and probably still chess (and Go) masters -- and magicians, too.
Several years ago, I met with senior intelligence officials to pitch the case for a New Bletchley Park. No dice. They were already doing just fine, I was told. I then took the matter up inside the Pentagon, finally reaching a then-serving member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was very supportive of the concept, and expressed concern that jihadists were being "given a free ride in cyberspace." But he felt that the matter had to be carried forward by...the intelligence community. No joy. Fast forward to the present: The old three-prong strategy of website-based observation, ideological disputation, and selected site disruption continues, despite the fact that al Qaeda still enjoys that virtual free ride.
At a time when it is glaringly apparent that post-bin Laden terrorist networks will thrive, rise up, and strike at the world, largely thanks to their continuing confidence in being able to rely on web-based connectivity for recruitment and training, it is simply unacceptable for the counterterrorist alliance to continue to pursue a strategic approach that clearly does not work. Maybe senior leaders should convene a meeting at Bletchley Park, where the unquiet ghosts of the boffins may scare some sense into them.  


A Clear View from Foggy Bottom

A fabled but previously secret State Department intelligence memorandum that predicted, five months in advance, the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, has now emerged from classified vaults so obscure that even State Department historians and CIA officers responsible for Freedom of Information Act requests could not penetrate them. 

When the war broke out on October 6, it surprised high-level officials in the Nixon administration. Yet, in a paper written the previous May, the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) had estimated that there was a "better than even bet" that war would occur "by autumn." Not one other office in the U.S. government had made such an estimate, and the Israelis themselves had dismissed the possibility of war. Although this example of INR's acuity has been known about for years, the document itself was surprisingly elusive and is being published for the first time here and on the National Security Archive website.
According to INR, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat would start a war with Israel not to achieve specific military objectives but to spur "big power" diplomatic intervention in the Arab-Israeli conflict. The authors of the INR paper anticipated that as war unfolded, a variety of U.S. "interests" in the region could come under attack, with possible nationalizations of petroleum facilities, "efforts to displace US oil companies with those from Europe and Japan," and "prolonged oil embargoes." Despite the far-sighted INR analysis, senior officials in the Nixon administration saw war as unlikely.
A discussion of the INR report was a highlight of a remarkable conference held at Washington's Cosmos Club in October 1998, the war's 25th anniversary. Organized by the late ambassador Richard Parker, it included senior and mid-level former officials from Egypt, Syria, Israel, the United States, and the former Soviet Union -- including a secretary of defense, ambassadors, generals, and a KGB station chief -- all of whom played important roles at the time. The October 1973 intelligence failure was an important element of the discussion, and a memorable moment was when INR's former desk officer for Egypt, Roger Merrick, spoke about how he developed the estimate with input from INR colleagues David Mark and Phillip Stoddard.
For Merrick, the possibility of conflict was inherent in the dynamics of the situation. Egyptian leaders had tried to use diplomacy to recover territory in the Sinai Peninsula lost to Israeli forces during the Six-Day War in June 1967. But the Israelis were unresponsive, and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger had nothing to offer his Egyptian counterparts. By the spring of 1973, according to Merrick, Sadat had "established himself as a strong player, serious;" yet despite his push for a diplomatic resolution of the Sinai problem, he was "neglected, and in an intolerable position with his political alternatives exhausted." On the other hand, his "forces were in place to launch hostilities and had not raised any significant alarm; thus the estimate that there was a better than even chance of major hostilities within six months."
Analysts at the State Department's Office of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA) rejected the INR view, and senior officials like Kissinger and Assistant Secretary of State Joseph Sisco felt no alarm because the Israelis, underestimating Arab capabilities, kept assuring them that there was no danger. Kissinger did not tell any of the players that Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev had warned of war in the region during his visit to the United States in June 1973. The dispute between INR and NEA over the possibility of war, Merrick recounted, "continued throughout the summer and fall until hostilities erupted," and INR's estimate was vindicated.
INR's analysts have often been on the money. In 1964, Allen Whiting predicted the strong likelihood of a Chinese atomic test, which Secretary of State Dean Rusk announced to the world two weeks before the event. During the Vietnam War, INR analysts starting with Lewis Sarris critically assessed the Pentagon's evaluation of "progress" in South Vietnam. In the run-up to the Iraq War, INR did share in the consensus that Saddam had been trying seriously to establish a biological and chemical warfare capability, but the bureau was spectacularly right in its doubt about the most important claim in the Bush White House's case for war: that Saddam was "reconstituting" a nuclear weapons capability. INR disputed the claims that Iraq's aluminum tubes were for gas centrifuges and that the country had recently sought uranium yellow-cake from Niger.

#Muslim_Brotherhood leader points to conspiracy behind #Boston bombing

A common criticism of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood has always been that it delivers one message in English to an international audience, and another message entirely in Arabic to its domestic audience. If anyone is ever looking for an example of this, they need to look no further than the Islamist organization's reaction to the bombing of the Boston Marathon.
In English, the Brotherhood's political party released a statement "categorically reject[ing] as intolerable the bombings committed in the U.S. city of Boston," and "offer[ing] heartfelt sympathies and solemn condolences to the American people and the families of the victims."
In Arabic, senior Brotherhood leader and the vice chairman of the group's political party Essam el-Erian took a different tack. In a post on his Facebook page, he condemned the Boston attack -- but also linked it to the French war in Mali, the destruction in Syria and Iraq, and faltering rapprochement between the Turkish government and Kurdish rebels.
El-Erian is making the case that all of these setbacks -- from Boston to Baghdad -- are somehow connected. "Who disturbed democratic transformations, despite the difficult transition from despotism, corruption, poverty, hatred, and intolerance to freedom, justice tolerance, development, human dignity, and social justice?" he asked. "Who planted Islamophobia through research, the press, and the media? Who funded the violence?"
El-Erian just poses those questions -- he doesn't accuse any specific group of masterminding the Boston Marathon attack or the unrest across the Middle East. But while Brotherhood leaders feel free to indulge in such conspiracy-mongering in Arabic, these claims are notably absent from the group's English-language media. islam
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